You can't turn on the news these days without hearing a story about a cyber security breech, whether it's referring to a bank, a retail store, or a national election. As the world becomes increasingly digital, the number of threats and breaches are sure to increase as well, and that means related job demand is on the rise. Salaries that often reach six figures, predicted field growth, and the desire to keep the digital world a safe place for those who use it are just a few of the reasons why many people opt to participate in cyber security training. While many believe cyber security training is only important in big cities like NYC, it turns out that there are well over a million jobs around the world that require these skills.
A cryptographer is a person who writes the code that keeps data secure. He or she may work for a government, bank, large corporation, or any other agency that is vulnerable to cyber terrorism. Cryptographers typically have an interest and background in computer science, mathematics, and engineering, and they must be creative and excellent data analysts.
A security analyst may also work for any employer that is at risk for cyber attacks. He or she spends the day analyzing security systems and searching for weaknesses that put the company or government agency at risk. They usually perform regular audits of the system, including the network, hardware, and software. They also implement and maintain new security measures. Security analysts must be excellent communicators.
It's not a job you hear much about, but it's an important one that is currently in demand. The penetration tester basically attempts to break into a company or government agency's cyber security system, identifying weaknesses so that the company can fix them. Penetration testers will either work directly for the company or agency, or they may be independent contractors who take on jobs as needed. Many experts have predicted major job growth for this position in coming years.
Security engineers typically work on the IT side of things by creating new security solutions for their employers and handling any problems that occur with a system already in place. When the security analyst at a job site finds a problem, they'll come to the security engineer for the solution. A background filled with computer science and cyber security training is important. Check out the Udacity catalog to find courses related to this career choice.
A forensics expert is like a detective for the digital world. He or she investigates cyber crimes, attempts to retrieve lost data, and advises law enforcement and attorneys on matters relating to cyber security. Forensics experts must be knowledgeable in both computer science and cyber crime, as well as posses the ability to understand human nature. Curiosity is an important trait, as is the ability to effectively communicate when presenting evidence.
Chief Information Security Officer
If your goal is to become a top-level executive in the world of cyber security, you may aim to become a chief information security officer (CISO). They usually run all security initiatives at a given company, hire various experts, create corporate policies, and stay on top of any threats and vulnerabilities. Most CISOs work in the cyber security field for at least 5-10 years before reaching this level.