6.  Programming Charts (Optional)


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Contents

01 Programming

Now comes the moment of truth.I have been waiting for this moment for quite a while to let you experience first handhow to visualize data, and in this unit, you will do everything entirely by yourself.I will give you data and you will plot those data and answer simple questions.But there is one thing to know--this unit is strictly optional.The reason is there is programming involved in this unit and programming was not a prerequisite.However, I will make sure what you have to do is extremely simple, is very well explained,and a whole lot of fun, so if you choose to take this unit, you will visualize some interesting datausing a very simple programming tool. This over here is the Udacity programming interface.Don't freak out--all I'll do is give instructions over here, and I'll hit the run button.As I scroll down, you can see a histogram of the data.So this has been computed automatically now.There are five data categories from 2.0 to 6.0, and you can see the frequency of data ionsin the vertical dimension--1, 4, 3, 1, and 1 again.Now this is a familiar histogram. Just look out how easy it was to generate this.


Observation: The code that generates these plots is written in a programming language named Python, using a plotting library named Matplotlib. For more information, refer to this wiki page: Plotting Graphs with Python.


02 How To Plot

Here are 3 lines of things that the computer has done for me.The very first one you should just ignore. It'll always be there. Just ignore it.It tells the computer that we wish to plot things.The second and the third one were the important ones.I define a data set--a data set is a list of 10 elements--3, 4, 2, 4, 3, 5, 3, 6, 4, 3 that I made upand with this line, I tell the computer that this over here is my data.Then I tell the computer, "Please histogram plot my data"--and then this is the result I just shown you.Here are the 3 things that we have to tell the computer.If you ignore the cryptic "from plotting import ," then what we do is we define the data.We list it, we give it a name called data, and we generate a histogram plot of the data.Then we then hit run in the small box down here--you'll get exactly the plot that I've shown youwhere the frequency of the data is plotted accordingly.Obviously, that range was 2.8 with 3.6 as the most frequent and let's go back up to the data.We find yet 3 occurrences of 3 with 4 into this range. This is the most frequent range.

03 Plot Height

What I want you to do next is look at a more complex data set.In this data set, we study the height of people in inches from a data set I got from the web.Here is the data set of people and their individual heights--all ranging betweenabout 65 and 72 inches, and I want you to do a histogram plotfollowing the example I've given you.Remember histplot is the command for histogram plot, and I didn't call the data "data."I actually called it height--so try to assemble the right commandto plot the data and look at it because I'll ask you a question about it.

#Plot a histogram of Height using the histplot function
from plotting import *

Height=[65.78, 71.52, 69.4, 68.22, 67.79, 68.7, 69.8, 70.01, 67.9, 66.78,
 66.49, 67.62, 68.3, 67.12, 68.28, 71.09, 66.46, 68.65, 71.23, 67.13, 67.83, 
68.88, 63.48, 68.42, 67.63, 67.21, 70.84, 67.49, 66.53, 65.44, 69.52, 65.81, 
67.82, 70.6, 71.8, 69.21, 66.8, 67.66, 67.81, 64.05, 68.57, 65.18, 69.66, 67.97, 
65.98, 68.67, 66.88, 67.7, 69.82, 69.09]
Weight=[112.99, 136.49, 153.03, 142.34, 144.3, 123.3, 141.49, 136.46, 
112.37, 120.67, 127.45, 114.14, 125.61, 122.46, 116.09, 140.0, 129.5, 142.97, 
137.9, 124.04, 141.28, 143.54, 97.9, 129.5, 141.85, 129.72, 142.42, 131.55, 
108.33, 113.89, 103.3, 120.75, 125.79, 136.22, 140.1, 128.75, 141.8, 121.23, 
131.35, 106.71, 124.36, 124.86, 139.67, 137.37, 106.45, 128.76, 145.68, 116.82, 
143.62, 134.93]

#Insert your code on the next line

04 Plot Height Solution

If you got this correct, then your histogram will look pretty much like this thing over here.There's a big peak in the middle and very short people and very long peopleare much less likely than medium-sized people.I'm covering up the ranges because I'd like to ask you a question here,but I will tell you that the one command that had to enterwas histplot with height as an argument, and if you play with it, you'll realizeyou have to match the uppercases of the height, but you can plug it into histplotjust the same way we used data before. Let me ask you a quiz.

05 Most Common Height

For our data set, what is the most frequent height?Is it 63-65 inches, 65-66, 66-68, 68-70, or 70-71?These are the ranges that your histogram is sure to pick.

unnamed.jpg

06 Most Common Height Solution

And the answer is a resounding 66-68 so this is the correct number.Now if you look at these ranges very carefully, they aren't all the same size it seems.This seems to be more like 2 but this range seems to be just 1,and the reason is these numbers are truncated.They actually have decimal points that are not displayedbut regardless, this category wins hands down in the statistic.

07 Plot Weight

Let's test this again, and this time we study the weight of people.I'll give you a data set of weight, I ask you to do the histogramand answer a question about the most common weight category.Here's a data set called the weight that you can look at,and I want you to do a histogram for the weight that will look as follows.Please go ahead to tell the computer to make this graph and hit the run button.

#Make a histogram of Weight using the histplot function
from plotting import *

Height=[65.78, 71.52, 69.4, 68.22, 67.79, 68.7, 69.8, 70.01, 67.9, 66.78,
 66.49, 67.62, 68.3, 67.12, 68.28, 71.09, 66.46, 68.65, 71.23, 67.13, 67.83, 
68.88, 63.48, 68.42, 67.63, 67.21, 70.84, 67.49, 66.53, 65.44, 69.52, 65.81, 
67.82, 70.6, 71.8, 69.21, 66.8, 67.66, 67.81, 64.05, 68.57, 65.18, 69.66, 67.97, 
65.98, 68.67, 66.88, 67.7, 69.82, 69.09]
Weight=[112.99, 136.49, 153.03, 142.34, 144.3, 123.3, 141.49, 136.46, 
112.37, 120.67, 127.45, 114.14, 125.61, 122.46, 116.09, 140.0, 129.5, 142.97, 
137.9, 124.04, 141.28, 143.54, 97.9, 129.5, 141.85, 129.72, 142.42, 131.55, 
108.33, 113.89, 103.3, 120.75, 125.79, 136.22, 140.1, 128.75, 141.8, 121.23, 
131.35, 106.71, 124.36, 124.86, 139.67, 137.37, 106.45, 128.76, 145.68, 116.82, 
143.62, 134.93]

#Insert your code on the next line

08 Plot Weight Solution

As before, the command is histplot with the variable of weight as its argument.This generates the plot I told you, and I'm going to ask you a question about the plot.

09 Most Common Weight

What is the most frequent weight in this histogram--97-108 pounds, 108-119, 119 all the way to 130, 130-142,or Sebastian's weight, which is a mystery?Please check the exact line box.

unnamed (1).jpg

10 Most Common Weight Solution

The answer, if you program histplot the way I did, is 119-130 pounds.This is the correct answer, and no I won't tell you what my weight is at this point.But I can tell you it's much more than 153.

11 Scatterplot

Let's now look at the combined data set of height and weight.It turns out both lists have the same elements, and the very first elementin the height list is the same person as the weight in this list over here.The same is true for the second--so these data pair up conveniently to plot the heightof a specific person and his or her weight.I now want you to run a scatter plot. Remember how a scatter plot looked like.Particularly, I want you to graph the height versus the weight,and the command to use is called scatterplot and accepts these two variables as input.I'd like you to try these out for the data I've given you.

#Build a scatterplot of Height vs. Weight using the scatterplot function
from plotting import *

Height=[65.78, 71.52, 69.4, 68.22, 67.79, 68.7, 69.8, 70.01, 67.9, 66.78,
 66.49, 67.62, 68.3, 67.12, 68.28, 71.09, 66.46, 68.65, 71.23, 67.13, 67.83, 
68.88, 63.48, 68.42, 67.63, 67.21, 70.84, 67.49, 66.53, 65.44, 69.52, 65.81, 
67.82, 70.6, 71.8, 69.21, 66.8, 67.66, 67.81, 64.05, 68.57, 65.18, 69.66, 67.97, 
65.98, 68.67, 66.88, 67.7, 69.82, 69.09]
Weight=[112.99, 136.49, 153.03, 142.34, 144.3, 123.3, 141.49, 136.46, 
112.37, 120.67, 127.45, 114.14, 125.61, 122.46, 116.09, 140.0, 129.5, 142.97, 
137.9, 124.04, 141.28, 143.54, 97.9, 129.5, 141.85, 129.72, 142.42, 131.55, 
108.33, 113.89, 103.3, 120.75, 125.79, 136.22, 140.1, 128.75, 141.8, 121.23, 
131.35, 106.71, 124.36, 124.86, 139.67, 137.37, 106.45, 128.76, 145.68, 116.82, 
143.62, 134.93]

#Insert your code on the next line

12 Scatterplot Solution

All you have to do is to enter the scatterplot command the way I've given it to you,but let me now ask a question about the plot that you've seen.

13 Height Vs Weight

Is this data exactly linear without any deviation from linearity,approximately linear--that is can you see a linear trend, or at the other extremeare height and weight pretty much unrelated--that is you can't really seea dependance between height and weight?I know there are other possibilities here but I just want to narrow it downto these three possibilities to derive a very crisp and clear answer.

unnamed (2).jpg

14 Height Vs Weight Solution

To answer this question, let's look at the scatter plot--you see there're certain sizes of peopleand then there are certain weights associated with these people, and it's hard to make outbut I think there's a dependance whereby the taller a person is the heavier the person is.Now, there's lots of exceptions--this person is a remarkably heavy person for size,this is a remarkably light person for about the same size, and we all know that some people areheavier and thinner and thicker for these sizes, but if you'll expectively, you can see a slightupper trend that appears to be approximately linear.We can't tell this right now--we don't understand how to analyzewhere the data depends as a linear but you get the juice of it.By looking at the data alone, you can tell that weight increases with size.So for now, I'll check the second box over here because the other ones are obviously incorrect.

15 Barchart

As a final exercise, I'd like you to replace scatter plot by bar chart again with the sametwo arguments as before--so please go ahead and tell the computer to generate a bar chart.

#Write a line of code to produce a barchart of Weight by groups of Height 
#using the barchart function

from plotting import *

Height=[65.78, 71.52, 69.4, 68.22, 67.79, 68.7, 69.8, 70.01, 67.9, 66.78,
 66.49, 67.62, 68.3, 67.12, 68.28, 71.09, 66.46, 68.65, 71.23, 67.13, 67.83, 
68.88, 63.48, 68.42, 67.63, 67.21, 70.84, 67.49, 66.53, 65.44, 69.52, 65.81, 
67.82, 70.6, 71.8, 69.21, 66.8, 67.66, 67.81, 64.05, 68.57, 65.18, 69.66, 67.97, 
65.98, 68.67, 66.88, 67.7, 69.82, 69.09]
Weight=[112.99, 136.49, 153.03, 142.34, 144.3, 123.3, 141.49, 136.46, 
112.37, 120.67, 127.45, 114.14, 125.61, 122.46, 116.09, 140.0, 129.5, 142.97, 
137.9, 124.04, 141.28, 143.54, 97.9, 129.5, 141.85, 129.72, 142.42, 131.55, 
108.33, 113.89, 103.3, 120.75, 125.79, 136.22, 140.1, 128.75, 141.8, 121.23, 
131.35, 106.71, 124.36, 124.86, 139.67, 137.37, 106.45, 128.76, 145.68, 116.82, 
143.62, 134.93]

#Insert your code on the next line

16 Barchart Solution

Here's the command bar chart height and weight, and as I scroll down, I will find my bar chartthat shows pretty much how larger sizes was that in larger weights.Now this chart would question whether it's exactly linear.You can see the distance over here to be significantly smaller than the distance over herebut it's all approximate, and in reality, I can tell you the ratio between height and weight is not linear.But for the sake of the exercise, that's a better statementthan any of the other statements that I've given you.

17 Wages

Let's now look at the data set that relates age to wage--how much money you make.Most of you out there are young, so your preference might be that the world paysyoung people the best, but in many countries wage goes up with ageuntil perhaps you hit retirement age.Which one is it? Let's plot the data.Here is a very elaborate data set of people of certain ages and their wages that they receive.I want you to make a scatter plot for this data.You'll realize that the highest wage is $267,000, and I want you read off the scatter plotwhat is the youngest age in this data set where this wage is being realized.

#Write a line of code to print a scatterplot of Age on the horizontal axis 
#against Wage on the vertical axis

from plotting import *

Age=[25, 26, 33, 29, 27, 21, 26, 35, 21, 37, 21, 38, 18, 19, 36, 30, 29, 24, 24, 36, 36, 27, 33, 23, 21, 26, 27, 27, 24, 26, 25, 24, 22, 25, 40, 39, 19, 31, 33, 30, 33, 27, 40, 32, 31, 35, 26, 34, 27, 34, 33, 20, 19, 40, 39, 39, 37, 18, 35, 20, 28, 31, 30, 29, 31, 18, 40, 20, 32, 20, 34, 34, 25, 29, 40, 40, 39, 36, 39, 34, 34, 35, 39, 38, 33, 32, 21, 29, 36, 33, 30, 39, 21, 19, 38, 30, 40, 36, 34, 28, 37, 29, 39, 25, 36, 33, 37, 19, 28, 26, 18, 22, 40, 20, 40, 20, 39, 29, 26, 26, 22, 37, 34, 29, 24, 23, 21, 19, 29, 30, 23, 40, 30, 30, 19, 39, 39, 25, 36, 38, 24, 32, 34, 33, 36, 30, 35, 26, 28, 23, 25, 23, 40, 20, 26, 26, 22, 23, 18, 36, 34, 36, 35, 40, 39, 39, 33, 22, 37, 20, 37, 35, 20, 23, 37, 32, 25, 35, 35, 22, 21, 31, 40, 26, 24, 29, 37, 19, 33, 31, 29, 27, 21, 19, 39, 34, 34, 40, 26, 39, 35, 31, 35, 24, 19, 27, 27, 20, 28, 30, 23, 21, 20, 26, 31, 24, 25, 25, 22, 32, 28, 36, 21, 38, 18, 25, 21, 33, 40, 19, 38, 33, 37, 32, 31, 31, 38, 19, 37, 37, 32, 36, 34, 35, 35, 35, 37, 35, 39, 34, 24, 25, 18, 40, 33, 32, 23, 25, 19, 39, 38, 36, 32, 27, 22, 40, 28, 29, 25, 36, 26, 28, 32, 34, 34, 21, 21, 32, 19, 35, 30, 35, 26, 31, 38, 34, 33, 35, 37, 38, 36, 40, 22, 30, 28, 28, 29, 36, 24, 28, 28, 28, 26, 21, 35, 22, 32, 28, 19, 33, 18, 22, 36, 26, 19, 26, 30, 27, 28, 24, 36, 37, 20, 32, 38, 39, 38, 30, 32, 30, 26, 23, 19, 29, 33, 34, 23, 30, 32, 40, 36, 29, 39, 34, 34, 22, 22, 22, 36, 38, 38, 30, 26, 40, 34, 21, 34, 38, 32, 35, 35, 26, 28, 20, 40, 23, 24, 26, 24, 39, 21, 33, 31, 39, 39, 20, 22, 18, 23, 36, 32, 37, 36, 26, 30, 30, 30, 21, 22, 40, 38, 22, 27, 23, 21, 22, 20, 30, 31, 40, 19, 32, 24, 21, 27, 32, 30, 34, 18, 25, 22, 40, 23, 19, 24, 24, 25, 40, 27, 29, 22, 39, 38, 34, 39, 30, 31, 33, 34, 25, 20, 20, 20, 20, 24, 19, 21, 31, 31, 29, 38, 39, 33, 40, 24, 38, 37, 18, 24, 38, 38, 22, 40, 21, 36, 30, 21, 30, 35, 20, 25, 25, 29, 30, 20, 29, 29, 31, 20, 26, 26, 38, 37, 39, 31, 35, 36, 30, 38, 36, 23, 39, 39, 20, 30, 34, 21, 23, 21, 33, 30, 33, 32, 36, 18, 31, 32, 25, 23, 23, 21, 34, 18, 40, 21, 29, 29, 21, 38, 35, 38, 32, 38, 27, 23, 33, 29, 19, 20, 35, 29, 27, 28, 20, 40, 35, 40, 40, 20, 36, 38, 28, 30, 30, 36, 29, 27, 25, 33, 19, 27, 28, 34, 36, 27, 40, 38, 37, 31, 33, 38, 36, 25, 23, 22, 23, 34, 26, 24, 28, 32, 22, 18, 29, 19, 21, 27, 28, 35, 30, 40, 28, 37, 34, 24, 40, 33, 29, 30, 36, 25, 26, 26, 28, 34, 39, 34, 26, 24, 33, 38, 37, 36, 34, 37, 33, 25, 27, 30, 26, 21, 40, 26, 25, 25, 40, 28, 35, 36, 39, 33, 36, 40, 32, 36, 26, 24, 36, 27, 28, 26, 37, 36, 37, 36, 20, 34, 30, 32, 40, 20, 31, 23, 27, 19, 24, 23, 24, 25, 36, 26, 33, 30, 27, 26, 28, 28, 21, 31, 24, 27, 24, 29, 29, 28, 22, 20, 23, 35, 30, 37, 31, 31, 21, 32, 29, 27, 27, 30, 39, 34, 23, 35, 39, 27, 40, 28, 36, 35, 38, 21, 18, 21, 38, 37, 24, 21, 25, 35, 27, 35, 24, 36, 32, 20]

Wage=[17000, 13000, 28000, 45000, 28000, 1200, 15500, 26400, 14000, 35000, 16400, 50000, 2600, 9000, 27000, 150000, 32000, 22000, 65000, 56000, 6500, 30000, 70000, 9000, 6000, 34000, 40000, 30000, 6400, 87000, 20000, 45000, 4800, 34000, 75000, 26000, 4000, 50000, 63000, 14700, 45000, 42000, 10000, 40000, 70000, 14000, 54000, 14000, 23000, 24400, 27900, 4700, 8000, 19000, 17300, 45000, 3900, 2900, 138000, 2100, 60000, 55000, 45000, 40000, 45700, 90000, 40000, 13000, 30000, 2000, 75000, 60000, 70000, 41000, 42000, 31000, 39000, 104000, 52000, 20000, 59000, 66000, 63000, 32000, 11000, 16000, 6400, 17000, 47700, 5000, 25000, 35000, 20000, 14000, 29000, 267000, 31000, 27000, 64000, 39600, 267000, 7100, 33000, 31500, 40000, 23000, 3000, 14000, 44000, 15100, 2600, 6200, 50000, 3000, 25000, 2000, 38000, 22000, 20000, 2500, 1500, 42000, 30000, 27000, 7000, 11900, 27000, 24000, 4300, 30200, 2500, 30000, 70000, 38700, 8000, 36000, 66000, 24000, 95000, 39000, 20000, 23000, 56000, 25200, 62000, 12000, 13000, 35000, 35000, 14000, 24000, 12000, 14000, 31000, 40000, 22900, 12000, 14000, 1600, 12000, 80000, 90000, 126000, 1600, 100000, 8000, 71000, 40000, 42000, 40000, 120000, 35000, 1200, 4000, 32000, 8000, 14500, 65000, 15000, 3000, 2000, 23900, 1000, 22000, 18200, 8000, 30000, 23000, 30000, 27000, 70000, 40000, 18000, 3100, 57000, 25000, 32000, 10000, 4000, 49000, 93000, 35000, 49000, 40000, 5500, 30000, 25000, 5700, 6000, 30000, 42900, 8000, 5300, 90000, 85000, 15000, 17000, 5600, 11500, 52000, 1000, 42000, 2100, 50000, 1500, 40000, 28000, 5300, 149000, 3200, 12000, 83000, 45000, 31200, 25000, 72000, 70000, 7000, 23000, 40000, 40000, 28000, 10000, 48000, 20000, 60000, 19000, 25000, 39000, 68000, 2300, 23900, 5000, 16300, 80000, 45000, 12000, 9000, 1300, 35000, 35000, 47000, 32000, 18000, 20000, 20000, 23400, 48000, 8000, 5200, 33500, 22000, 22000, 52000, 104000, 28000, 13000, 12000, 15000, 53000, 27000, 50000, 13900, 23000, 28100, 23000, 12000, 55000, 83000, 31000, 33200, 45000, 3000, 18000, 11000, 41000, 36000, 33600, 38000, 45000, 53000, 24000, 3000, 37500, 7700, 4800, 29000, 6600, 12400, 20000, 2000, 1100, 55000, 13400, 10000, 6000, 6000, 16000, 19000, 8300, 52000, 58000, 27000, 25000, 80000, 10000, 22000, 18000, 21000, 8000, 15200, 15000, 5000, 50000, 89000, 7000, 65000, 58000, 42000, 55000, 40000, 14000, 36000, 30000, 7900, 6000, 1200, 10000, 54000, 12800, 35000, 34000, 40000, 45000, 9600, 3300, 39000, 22000, 40000, 68000, 24400, 1000, 10800, 8400, 50000, 22000, 20000, 20000, 1300, 9000, 14200, 32000, 65000, 18000, 18000, 3000, 16700, 1500, 1400, 15000, 55000, 42000, 70000, 35000, 21600, 5800, 35000, 5700, 1700, 40000, 40000, 45000, 25000, 13000, 6400, 11000, 4200, 30000, 32000, 120000, 10000, 19000, 12000, 13000, 37000, 40000, 38000, 60000, 3100, 16000, 18000, 130000, 5000, 5000, 35000, 1000, 14300, 100000, 20000, 33000, 8000, 9400, 87000, 2500, 12000, 12000, 33000, 16500, 25500, 7200, 2300, 3100, 2100, 3200, 45000, 40000, 3800, 30000, 12000, 62000, 45000, 46000, 50000, 40000, 13000, 50000, 23000, 4000, 40000, 25000, 16000, 3000, 80000, 27000, 68000, 3500, 1300, 10000, 46000, 5800, 24000, 12500, 50000, 48000, 29000, 19000, 26000, 30000, 10000, 10000, 20000, 43000, 105000, 55000, 5000, 65000, 68000, 38000, 47000, 48700, 6100, 55000, 30000, 5000, 3500, 23400, 11400, 7000, 1300, 80000, 65000, 45000, 19000, 3000, 17100, 22900, 31200, 35000, 3000, 5000, 1000, 36000, 4800, 60000, 9800, 30000, 85000, 18000, 24000, 60000, 30000, 2000, 39000, 12000, 10500, 60000, 36000, 10500, 3600, 1200, 28600, 48000, 20800, 5400, 9600, 30000, 30000, 20000, 6700, 30000, 3200, 42000, 37000, 5000, 18000, 20000, 14000, 12000, 18000, 3000, 13500, 35000, 38000, 30000, 36000, 66000, 45000, 32000, 46000, 80000, 27000, 4000, 21000, 7600, 16000, 10300, 27000, 19000, 14000, 19000, 3100, 20000, 2700, 27000, 7000, 13600, 75000, 35000, 36000, 25000, 6000, 36000, 50000, 46000, 3000, 37000, 40000, 30000, 48800, 19700, 16000, 14000, 12000, 25000, 25000, 28600, 17000, 31200, 57000, 23000, 23500, 46000, 18700, 26700, 9900, 16000, 3000, 52000, 51000, 14000, 14400, 27000, 26000, 60000, 25000, 6000, 20000, 3000, 69000, 24800, 12000, 3100, 18000, 20000, 267000, 28000, 9800, 18200, 80000, 6800, 21100, 20000, 68000, 20000, 45000, 8000, 40000, 31900, 28000, 24000, 2000, 32000, 11000, 20000, 5900, 16100, 23900, 40000, 37500, 11000, 55000, 37500, 60000, 23000, 9500, 34500, 4000, 9000, 11200, 35200, 30000, 18000, 21800, 19700, 16700, 12500, 11300, 4000, 39000, 32000, 14000, 65000, 50000, 2000, 30400, 22000, 1600, 56000, 40000, 85000, 9000, 10000, 19000, 5300, 5200, 43000, 60000, 50000, 38000, 267000, 15600, 1800, 17000, 45000, 31000, 5000, 8000, 43000, 103000, 45000, 8800, 26000, 47000, 40000, 8000]

#Insert your code on the next line

18 Wages Solution

Here's the scatter plot command.And without looking at the result, I now ask you about the question.What is the youngest age at which a person earns $267,000?

19 High Earner

What is the youngest person to earn $267,000 in our data set?Look at your scatter plot and you can read it straight off.As a hint, because it is the largest wage, it'll intersect with the vertical box of the diagram.

image.png

unnamed (3).jpg

20 High Earner Solution

The answer is 30--as I go to the scatter plot that graphs age versus income,you'll find that up here is the very first time someone had the maximum wage.That specific number occurs 4 times--here, here, here, and here among the older crowdsof 35-pluses might made it--my own age isn't even on the diagram anymore.But the correct answer would have been 30, and it's really easy to see from the scatterplot.

21 Wage Barchart

Now do me a favor and please make a bar chart of the same data.And after you've done it, I'll ask you the same question of whether there's an approximatelinear relationship between age and wage.

#Write a line of code to plot a barchart of Wage grouped by Age
from plotting import *

Age=[25, 26, 33, 29, 27, 21, 26, 35, 21, 37, 21, 38, 18, 19, 36, 30, 29, 24, 24, 36, 36, 27, 33, 23, 21, 26, 27, 27, 24, 26, 25, 24, 22, 25, 40, 39, 19, 31, 33, 30, 33, 27, 40, 32, 31, 35, 26, 34, 27, 34, 33, 20, 19, 40, 39, 39, 37, 18, 35, 20, 28, 31, 30, 29, 31, 18, 40, 20, 32, 20, 34, 34, 25, 29, 40, 40, 39, 36, 39, 34, 34, 35, 39, 38, 33, 32, 21, 29, 36, 33, 30, 39, 21, 19, 38, 30, 40, 36, 34, 28, 37, 29, 39, 25, 36, 33, 37, 19, 28, 26, 18, 22, 40, 20, 40, 20, 39, 29, 26, 26, 22, 37, 34, 29, 24, 23, 21, 19, 29, 30, 23, 40, 30, 30, 19, 39, 39, 25, 36, 38, 24, 32, 34, 33, 36, 30, 35, 26, 28, 23, 25, 23, 40, 20, 26, 26, 22, 23, 18, 36, 34, 36, 35, 40, 39, 39, 33, 22, 37, 20, 37, 35, 20, 23, 37, 32, 25, 35, 35, 22, 21, 31, 40, 26, 24, 29, 37, 19, 33, 31, 29, 27, 21, 19, 39, 34, 34, 40, 26, 39, 35, 31, 35, 24, 19, 27, 27, 20, 28, 30, 23, 21, 20, 26, 31, 24, 25, 25, 22, 32, 28, 36, 21, 38, 18, 25, 21, 33, 40, 19, 38, 33, 37, 32, 31, 31, 38, 19, 37, 37, 32, 36, 34, 35, 35, 35, 37, 35, 39, 34, 24, 25, 18, 40, 33, 32, 23, 25, 19, 39, 38, 36, 32, 27, 22, 40, 28, 29, 25, 36, 26, 28, 32, 34, 34, 21, 21, 32, 19, 35, 30, 35, 26, 31, 38, 34, 33, 35, 37, 38, 36, 40, 22, 30, 28, 28, 29, 36, 24, 28, 28, 28, 26, 21, 35, 22, 32, 28, 19, 33, 18, 22, 36, 26, 19, 26, 30, 27, 28, 24, 36, 37, 20, 32, 38, 39, 38, 30, 32, 30, 26, 23, 19, 29, 33, 34, 23, 30, 32, 40, 36, 29, 39, 34, 34, 22, 22, 22, 36, 38, 38, 30, 26, 40, 34, 21, 34, 38, 32, 35, 35, 26, 28, 20, 40, 23, 24, 26, 24, 39, 21, 33, 31, 39, 39, 20, 22, 18, 23, 36, 32, 37, 36, 26, 30, 30, 30, 21, 22, 40, 38, 22, 27, 23, 21, 22, 20, 30, 31, 40, 19, 32, 24, 21, 27, 32, 30, 34, 18, 25, 22, 40, 23, 19, 24, 24, 25, 40, 27, 29, 22, 39, 38, 34, 39, 30, 31, 33, 34, 25, 20, 20, 20, 20, 24, 19, 21, 31, 31, 29, 38, 39, 33, 40, 24, 38, 37, 18, 24, 38, 38, 22, 40, 21, 36, 30, 21, 30, 35, 20, 25, 25, 29, 30, 20, 29, 29, 31, 20, 26, 26, 38, 37, 39, 31, 35, 36, 30, 38, 36, 23, 39, 39, 20, 30, 34, 21, 23, 21, 33, 30, 33, 32, 36, 18, 31, 32, 25, 23, 23, 21, 34, 18, 40, 21, 29, 29, 21, 38, 35, 38, 32, 38, 27, 23, 33, 29, 19, 20, 35, 29, 27, 28, 20, 40, 35, 40, 40, 20, 36, 38, 28, 30, 30, 36, 29, 27, 25, 33, 19, 27, 28, 34, 36, 27, 40, 38, 37, 31, 33, 38, 36, 25, 23, 22, 23, 34, 26, 24, 28, 32, 22, 18, 29, 19, 21, 27, 28, 35, 30, 40, 28, 37, 34, 24, 40, 33, 29, 30, 36, 25, 26, 26, 28, 34, 39, 34, 26, 24, 33, 38, 37, 36, 34, 37, 33, 25, 27, 30, 26, 21, 40, 26, 25, 25, 40, 28, 35, 36, 39, 33, 36, 40, 32, 36, 26, 24, 36, 27, 28, 26, 37, 36, 37, 36, 20, 34, 30, 32, 40, 20, 31, 23, 27, 19, 24, 23, 24, 25, 36, 26, 33, 30, 27, 26, 28, 28, 21, 31, 24, 27, 24, 29, 29, 28, 22, 20, 23, 35, 30, 37, 31, 31, 21, 32, 29, 27, 27, 30, 39, 34, 23, 35, 39, 27, 40, 28, 36, 35, 38, 21, 18, 21, 38, 37, 24, 21, 25, 35, 27, 35, 24, 36, 32, 20]

Wage=[17000, 13000, 28000, 45000, 28000, 1200, 15500, 26400, 14000, 35000, 16400, 50000, 2600, 9000, 27000, 150000, 32000, 22000, 65000, 56000, 6500, 30000, 70000, 9000, 6000, 34000, 40000, 30000, 6400, 87000, 20000, 45000, 4800, 34000, 75000, 26000, 4000, 50000, 63000, 14700, 45000, 42000, 10000, 40000, 70000, 14000, 54000, 14000, 23000, 24400, 27900, 4700, 8000, 19000, 17300, 45000, 3900, 2900, 138000, 2100, 60000, 55000, 45000, 40000, 45700, 90000, 40000, 13000, 30000, 2000, 75000, 60000, 70000, 41000, 42000, 31000, 39000, 104000, 52000, 20000, 59000, 66000, 63000, 32000, 11000, 16000, 6400, 17000, 47700, 5000, 25000, 35000, 20000, 14000, 29000, 267000, 31000, 27000, 64000, 39600, 267000, 7100, 33000, 31500, 40000, 23000, 3000, 14000, 44000, 15100, 2600, 6200, 50000, 3000, 25000, 2000, 38000, 22000, 20000, 2500, 1500, 42000, 30000, 27000, 7000, 11900, 27000, 24000, 4300, 30200, 2500, 30000, 70000, 38700, 8000, 36000, 66000, 24000, 95000, 39000, 20000, 23000, 56000, 25200, 62000, 12000, 13000, 35000, 35000, 14000, 24000, 12000, 14000, 31000, 40000, 22900, 12000, 14000, 1600, 12000, 80000, 90000, 126000, 1600, 100000, 8000, 71000, 40000, 42000, 40000, 120000, 35000, 1200, 4000, 32000, 8000, 14500, 65000, 15000, 3000, 2000, 23900, 1000, 22000, 18200, 8000, 30000, 23000, 30000, 27000, 70000, 40000, 18000, 3100, 57000, 25000, 32000, 10000, 4000, 49000, 93000, 35000, 49000, 40000, 5500, 30000, 25000, 5700, 6000, 30000, 42900, 8000, 5300, 90000, 85000, 15000, 17000, 5600, 11500, 52000, 1000, 42000, 2100, 50000, 1500, 40000, 28000, 5300, 149000, 3200, 12000, 83000, 45000, 31200, 25000, 72000, 70000, 7000, 23000, 40000, 40000, 28000, 10000, 48000, 20000, 60000, 19000, 25000, 39000, 68000, 2300, 23900, 5000, 16300, 80000, 45000, 12000, 9000, 1300, 35000, 35000, 47000, 32000, 18000, 20000, 20000, 23400, 48000, 8000, 5200, 33500, 22000, 22000, 52000, 104000, 28000, 13000, 12000, 15000, 53000, 27000, 50000, 13900, 23000, 28100, 23000, 12000, 55000, 83000, 31000, 33200, 45000, 3000, 18000, 11000, 41000, 36000, 33600, 38000, 45000, 53000, 24000, 3000, 37500, 7700, 4800, 29000, 6600, 12400, 20000, 2000, 1100, 55000, 13400, 10000, 6000, 6000, 16000, 19000, 8300, 52000, 58000, 27000, 25000, 80000, 10000, 22000, 18000, 21000, 8000, 15200, 15000, 5000, 50000, 89000, 7000, 65000, 58000, 42000, 55000, 40000, 14000, 36000, 30000, 7900, 6000, 1200, 10000, 54000, 12800, 35000, 34000, 40000, 45000, 9600, 3300, 39000, 22000, 40000, 68000, 24400, 1000, 10800, 8400, 50000, 22000, 20000, 20000, 1300, 9000, 14200, 32000, 65000, 18000, 18000, 3000, 16700, 1500, 1400, 15000, 55000, 42000, 70000, 35000, 21600, 5800, 35000, 5700, 1700, 40000, 40000, 45000, 25000, 13000, 6400, 11000, 4200, 30000, 32000, 120000, 10000, 19000, 12000, 13000, 37000, 40000, 38000, 60000, 3100, 16000, 18000, 130000, 5000, 5000, 35000, 1000, 14300, 100000, 20000, 33000, 8000, 9400, 87000, 2500, 12000, 12000, 33000, 16500, 25500, 7200, 2300, 3100, 2100, 3200, 45000, 40000, 3800, 30000, 12000, 62000, 45000, 46000, 50000, 40000, 13000, 50000, 23000, 4000, 40000, 25000, 16000, 3000, 80000, 27000, 68000, 3500, 1300, 10000, 46000, 5800, 24000, 12500, 50000, 48000, 29000, 19000, 26000, 30000, 10000, 10000, 20000, 43000, 105000, 55000, 5000, 65000, 68000, 38000, 47000, 48700, 6100, 55000, 30000, 5000, 3500, 23400, 11400, 7000, 1300, 80000, 65000, 45000, 19000, 3000, 17100, 22900, 31200, 35000, 3000, 5000, 1000, 36000, 4800, 60000, 9800, 30000, 85000, 18000, 24000, 60000, 30000, 2000, 39000, 12000, 10500, 60000, 36000, 10500, 3600, 1200, 28600, 48000, 20800, 5400, 9600, 30000, 30000, 20000, 6700, 30000, 3200, 42000, 37000, 5000, 18000, 20000, 14000, 12000, 18000, 3000, 13500, 35000, 38000, 30000, 36000, 66000, 45000, 32000, 46000, 80000, 27000, 4000, 21000, 7600, 16000, 10300, 27000, 19000, 14000, 19000, 3100, 20000, 2700, 27000, 7000, 13600, 75000, 35000, 36000, 25000, 6000, 36000, 50000, 46000, 3000, 37000, 40000, 30000, 48800, 19700, 16000, 14000, 12000, 25000, 25000, 28600, 17000, 31200, 57000, 23000, 23500, 46000, 18700, 26700, 9900, 16000, 3000, 52000, 51000, 14000, 14400, 27000, 26000, 60000, 25000, 6000, 20000, 3000, 69000, 24800, 12000, 3100, 18000, 20000, 267000, 28000, 9800, 18200, 80000, 6800, 21100, 20000, 68000, 20000, 45000, 8000, 40000, 31900, 28000, 24000, 2000, 32000, 11000, 20000, 5900, 16100, 23900, 40000, 37500, 11000, 55000, 37500, 60000, 23000, 9500, 34500, 4000, 9000, 11200, 35200, 30000, 18000, 21800, 19700, 16700, 12500, 11300, 4000, 39000, 32000, 14000, 65000, 50000, 2000, 30400, 22000, 1600, 56000, 40000, 85000, 9000, 10000, 19000, 5300, 5200, 43000, 60000, 50000, 38000, 267000, 15600, 1800, 17000, 45000, 31000, 5000, 8000, 43000, 103000, 45000, 8800, 26000, 47000, 40000, 8000]

#Insert your code on the next line

22 Wage Barchart Solution

Here's the command for making a bar chart. Let me ask you the question.

23 Wage Vs Age

Is the relationship between age and wage exactly linear, approximately linear,or there seems to be no relationship?Exactly one of those boxes is correct.

unnamed (4).jpg

24 Wage Vs Age Solution

I would say approximately linear--if you go to the barchart, you'll find that these barskind of nicely lined up almost like a line with an exception that over here it levels off a little bit.Linear seems to be a good guess as to what's happening--wage increases linearly with age.The reason why it's not exact is more obvious from this scatter plot which shows the raw data.You can see even with higher ages around 40, they're still individuals that earnedrelatively little money--so for the data to be linear, we get these to line up exactlyon the straight line which is not the case in this data.On average, the relationship might be linear, but when it comesto the exact data points, it's clearly not linear.

25 Most Common Age

Finally, I'd like to ask you a question of what age group is most frequent?Remember we have a specific plot to look into this and I gave you five options--18-22, 22-26,26-31, 31-35, and 35-40, so please play with the data.Enter the appropriate command over here, look at the output, and then after you're done,come back to my question about what age group is most frequent.

#Write a line of code to produce a histogram of Age
from plotting import *

Age=[25, 26, 33, 29, 27, 21, 26, 35, 21, 37, 21, 38, 18, 19, 36, 30, 29, 24, 24, 36, 36, 27, 33, 23, 21, 26, 27, 27, 24, 26, 25, 24, 22, 25, 40, 39, 19, 31, 33, 30, 33, 27, 40, 32, 31, 35, 26, 34, 27, 34, 33, 20, 19, 40, 39, 39, 37, 18, 35, 20, 28, 31, 30, 29, 31, 18, 40, 20, 32, 20, 34, 34, 25, 29, 40, 40, 39, 36, 39, 34, 34, 35, 39, 38, 33, 32, 21, 29, 36, 33, 30, 39, 21, 19, 38, 30, 40, 36, 34, 28, 37, 29, 39, 25, 36, 33, 37, 19, 28, 26, 18, 22, 40, 20, 40, 20, 39, 29, 26, 26, 22, 37, 34, 29, 24, 23, 21, 19, 29, 30, 23, 40, 30, 30, 19, 39, 39, 25, 36, 38, 24, 32, 34, 33, 36, 30, 35, 26, 28, 23, 25, 23, 40, 20, 26, 26, 22, 23, 18, 36, 34, 36, 35, 40, 39, 39, 33, 22, 37, 20, 37, 35, 20, 23, 37, 32, 25, 35, 35, 22, 21, 31, 40, 26, 24, 29, 37, 19, 33, 31, 29, 27, 21, 19, 39, 34, 34, 40, 26, 39, 35, 31, 35, 24, 19, 27, 27, 20, 28, 30, 23, 21, 20, 26, 31, 24, 25, 25, 22, 32, 28, 36, 21, 38, 18, 25, 21, 33, 40, 19, 38, 33, 37, 32, 31, 31, 38, 19, 37, 37, 32, 36, 34, 35, 35, 35, 37, 35, 39, 34, 24, 25, 18, 40, 33, 32, 23, 25, 19, 39, 38, 36, 32, 27, 22, 40, 28, 29, 25, 36, 26, 28, 32, 34, 34, 21, 21, 32, 19, 35, 30, 35, 26, 31, 38, 34, 33, 35, 37, 38, 36, 40, 22, 30, 28, 28, 29, 36, 24, 28, 28, 28, 26, 21, 35, 22, 32, 28, 19, 33, 18, 22, 36, 26, 19, 26, 30, 27, 28, 24, 36, 37, 20, 32, 38, 39, 38, 30, 32, 30, 26, 23, 19, 29, 33, 34, 23, 30, 32, 40, 36, 29, 39, 34, 34, 22, 22, 22, 36, 38, 38, 30, 26, 40, 34, 21, 34, 38, 32, 35, 35, 26, 28, 20, 40, 23, 24, 26, 24, 39, 21, 33, 31, 39, 39, 20, 22, 18, 23, 36, 32, 37, 36, 26, 30, 30, 30, 21, 22, 40, 38, 22, 27, 23, 21, 22, 20, 30, 31, 40, 19, 32, 24, 21, 27, 32, 30, 34, 18, 25, 22, 40, 23, 19, 24, 24, 25, 40, 27, 29, 22, 39, 38, 34, 39, 30, 31, 33, 34, 25, 20, 20, 20, 20, 24, 19, 21, 31, 31, 29, 38, 39, 33, 40, 24, 38, 37, 18, 24, 38, 38, 22, 40, 21, 36, 30, 21, 30, 35, 20, 25, 25, 29, 30, 20, 29, 29, 31, 20, 26, 26, 38, 37, 39, 31, 35, 36, 30, 38, 36, 23, 39, 39, 20, 30, 34, 21, 23, 21, 33, 30, 33, 32, 36, 18, 31, 32, 25, 23, 23, 21, 34, 18, 40, 21, 29, 29, 21, 38, 35, 38, 32, 38, 27, 23, 33, 29, 19, 20, 35, 29, 27, 28, 20, 40, 35, 40, 40, 20, 36, 38, 28, 30, 30, 36, 29, 27, 25, 33, 19, 27, 28, 34, 36, 27, 40, 38, 37, 31, 33, 38, 36, 25, 23, 22, 23, 34, 26, 24, 28, 32, 22, 18, 29, 19, 21, 27, 28, 35, 30, 40, 28, 37, 34, 24, 40, 33, 29, 30, 36, 25, 26, 26, 28, 34, 39, 34, 26, 24, 33, 38, 37, 36, 34, 37, 33, 25, 27, 30, 26, 21, 40, 26, 25, 25, 40, 28, 35, 36, 39, 33, 36, 40, 32, 36, 26, 24, 36, 27, 28, 26, 37, 36, 37, 36, 20, 34, 30, 32, 40, 20, 31, 23, 27, 19, 24, 23, 24, 25, 36, 26, 33, 30, 27, 26, 28, 28, 21, 31, 24, 27, 24, 29, 29, 28, 22, 20, 23, 35, 30, 37, 31, 31, 21, 32, 29, 27, 27, 30, 39, 34, 23, 35, 39, 27, 40, 28, 36, 35, 38, 21, 18, 21, 38, 37, 24, 21, 25, 35, 27, 35, 24, 36, 32, 20]

Wage=[17000, 13000, 28000, 45000, 28000, 1200, 15500, 26400, 14000, 35000, 16400, 50000, 2600, 9000, 27000, 150000, 32000, 22000, 65000, 56000, 6500, 30000, 70000, 9000, 6000, 34000, 40000, 30000, 6400, 87000, 20000, 45000, 4800, 34000, 75000, 26000, 4000, 50000, 63000, 14700, 45000, 42000, 10000, 40000, 70000, 14000, 54000, 14000, 23000, 24400, 27900, 4700, 8000, 19000, 17300, 45000, 3900, 2900, 138000, 2100, 60000, 55000, 45000, 40000, 45700, 90000, 40000, 13000, 30000, 2000, 75000, 60000, 70000, 41000, 42000, 31000, 39000, 104000, 52000, 20000, 59000, 66000, 63000, 32000, 11000, 16000, 6400, 17000, 47700, 5000, 25000, 35000, 20000, 14000, 29000, 267000, 31000, 27000, 64000, 39600, 267000, 7100, 33000, 31500, 40000, 23000, 3000, 14000, 44000, 15100, 2600, 6200, 50000, 3000, 25000, 2000, 38000, 22000, 20000, 2500, 1500, 42000, 30000, 27000, 7000, 11900, 27000, 24000, 4300, 30200, 2500, 30000, 70000, 38700, 8000, 36000, 66000, 24000, 95000, 39000, 20000, 23000, 56000, 25200, 62000, 12000, 13000, 35000, 35000, 14000, 24000, 12000, 14000, 31000, 40000, 22900, 12000, 14000, 1600, 12000, 80000, 90000, 126000, 1600, 100000, 8000, 71000, 40000, 42000, 40000, 120000, 35000, 1200, 4000, 32000, 8000, 14500, 65000, 15000, 3000, 2000, 23900, 1000, 22000, 18200, 8000, 30000, 23000, 30000, 27000, 70000, 40000, 18000, 3100, 57000, 25000, 32000, 10000, 4000, 49000, 93000, 35000, 49000, 40000, 5500, 30000, 25000, 5700, 6000, 30000, 42900, 8000, 5300, 90000, 85000, 15000, 17000, 5600, 11500, 52000, 1000, 42000, 2100, 50000, 1500, 40000, 28000, 5300, 149000, 3200, 12000, 83000, 45000, 31200, 25000, 72000, 70000, 7000, 23000, 40000, 40000, 28000, 10000, 48000, 20000, 60000, 19000, 25000, 39000, 68000, 2300, 23900, 5000, 16300, 80000, 45000, 12000, 9000, 1300, 35000, 35000, 47000, 32000, 18000, 20000, 20000, 23400, 48000, 8000, 5200, 33500, 22000, 22000, 52000, 104000, 28000, 13000, 12000, 15000, 53000, 27000, 50000, 13900, 23000, 28100, 23000, 12000, 55000, 83000, 31000, 33200, 45000, 3000, 18000, 11000, 41000, 36000, 33600, 38000, 45000, 53000, 24000, 3000, 37500, 7700, 4800, 29000, 6600, 12400, 20000, 2000, 1100, 55000, 13400, 10000, 6000, 6000, 16000, 19000, 8300, 52000, 58000, 27000, 25000, 80000, 10000, 22000, 18000, 21000, 8000, 15200, 15000, 5000, 50000, 89000, 7000, 65000, 58000, 42000, 55000, 40000, 14000, 36000, 30000, 7900, 6000, 1200, 10000, 54000, 12800, 35000, 34000, 40000, 45000, 9600, 3300, 39000, 22000, 40000, 68000, 24400, 1000, 10800, 8400, 50000, 22000, 20000, 20000, 1300, 9000, 14200, 32000, 65000, 18000, 18000, 3000, 16700, 1500, 1400, 15000, 55000, 42000, 70000, 35000, 21600, 5800, 35000, 5700, 1700, 40000, 40000, 45000, 25000, 13000, 6400, 11000, 4200, 30000, 32000, 120000, 10000, 19000, 12000, 13000, 37000, 40000, 38000, 60000, 3100, 16000, 18000, 130000, 5000, 5000, 35000, 1000, 14300, 100000, 20000, 33000, 8000, 9400, 87000, 2500, 12000, 12000, 33000, 16500, 25500, 7200, 2300, 3100, 2100, 3200, 45000, 40000, 3800, 30000, 12000, 62000, 45000, 46000, 50000, 40000, 13000, 50000, 23000, 4000, 40000, 25000, 16000, 3000, 80000, 27000, 68000, 3500, 1300, 10000, 46000, 5800, 24000, 12500, 50000, 48000, 29000, 19000, 26000, 30000, 10000, 10000, 20000, 43000, 105000, 55000, 5000, 65000, 68000, 38000, 47000, 48700, 6100, 55000, 30000, 5000, 3500, 23400, 11400, 7000, 1300, 80000, 65000, 45000, 19000, 3000, 17100, 22900, 31200, 35000, 3000, 5000, 1000, 36000, 4800, 60000, 9800, 30000, 85000, 18000, 24000, 60000, 30000, 2000, 39000, 12000, 10500, 60000, 36000, 10500, 3600, 1200, 28600, 48000, 20800, 5400, 9600, 30000, 30000, 20000, 6700, 30000, 3200, 42000, 37000, 5000, 18000, 20000, 14000, 12000, 18000, 3000, 13500, 35000, 38000, 30000, 36000, 66000, 45000, 32000, 46000, 80000, 27000, 4000, 21000, 7600, 16000, 10300, 27000, 19000, 14000, 19000, 3100, 20000, 2700, 27000, 7000, 13600, 75000, 35000, 36000, 25000, 6000, 36000, 50000, 46000, 3000, 37000, 40000, 30000, 48800, 19700, 16000, 14000, 12000, 25000, 25000, 28600, 17000, 31200, 57000, 23000, 23500, 46000, 18700, 26700, 9900, 16000, 3000, 52000, 51000, 14000, 14400, 27000, 26000, 60000, 25000, 6000, 20000, 3000, 69000, 24800, 12000, 3100, 18000, 20000, 267000, 28000, 9800, 18200, 80000, 6800, 21100, 20000, 68000, 20000, 45000, 8000, 40000, 31900, 28000, 24000, 2000, 32000, 11000, 20000, 5900, 16100, 23900, 40000, 37500, 11000, 55000, 37500, 60000, 23000, 9500, 34500, 4000, 9000, 11200, 35200, 30000, 18000, 21800, 19700, 16700, 12500, 11300, 4000, 39000, 32000, 14000, 65000, 50000, 2000, 30400, 22000, 1600, 56000, 40000, 85000, 9000, 10000, 19000, 5300, 5200, 43000, 60000, 50000, 38000, 267000, 15600, 1800, 17000, 45000, 31000, 5000, 8000, 43000, 103000, 45000, 8800, 26000, 47000, 40000, 8000]

#Insert your code on the next line

26 Most Common Age Solution

The correct plot is, of course, histplot over age. We're going to ignore wage for this question.

27 Most Common Age 2

Now here's my question--look at your output and answerwhich of these age groups happens to be the most frequent.

unnamed (5).jpg

28 Most Common Age 2 Solution

The answer on our data is 35-40.Here is the actual histogram plot and if you look at this, the biggest bar is the bar on the right,which corresponds to the age of 35-40--so this would have been the correct answer.

29 Conclusion

Congratulations! You've finished something really complex.You've made your own bar charts, your own histograms, and your own scatter plots.Isn't this a lot of fun? Isn't statistics really great?Did you learn that by just looking at data, you can already understand a lot.So the purpose of this unit was to empower you to instruct the computer to plot data,and the reason why I told you this is because the very first step every statistician doesis to look at the data if you're given data.Now on the next unit, I will give you something that'll bend your mind.I will give you data that depending on how you look at itwill get you a very different conclusion.Stay tuned and check out the next unit where I will bend your mind.